A generalized index of fractionalization

apologise, but, opinion, you are not right..

A generalized index of fractionalization

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: For their empirical evaluation, several active research programs in economics and political science require data on ethnic groups across countries.

Fractionalization, Polarization, and Conflict

After addressing conceptual and practical obstacles, I present a list of ethnic groups in countries that made up at least 1 percent of the country population in the early s. I compare a measure of ethnic fractionalization based on this list with the most commonly used measure. View on Springer. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper.

A Generalized Index of Fractionalization

Bossert, C. D'Ambrosio, E. Ferrara Esteban Pishghadam, A.

Python coin flip loop

Fatemi, Behzad Ghonsooli Figures and Tables from this paper. Figures and Tables. Citation Type. Has PDF. Publication Type.

a generalized index of fractionalization

More Filters. View 2 excerpts, cites background. Research Feed. View 1 excerpt, cites background. View 1 excerpt. Highly Influenced. Tribe or title?We provide new measures of ethnic, linguistic, and religious fractionalization for about countries. These measures are more comprehensive than those previously used in the economics literature and we compare our new variables with those previously used. We also revisit the question of the effects of ethnic, linguistic, and religious heterogeneity on the quality of institutions and growth.

We partly confirm and partly modify previous results. The patterns of cross-correlations between potential explanatory variables and their different degree of endogeneity makes it hard to make unqualified statements about competing explanations for economic growth and the quality of government.

Our new data, which features the underlying group structure of ethnicities, religions and languages, also allows the computation of alternative measures of heterogeneity, and we turn to measures of polarization as an alternative to the commonly used index of fractionalization.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Abegaz, B. Devarajan, D. Dollar, and T. Acemoglu, D. Johnson, and J.

Rodrik ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar. Aghion P. Alesina, and F. Alesina A. Baqir, and W. Alesina, A. Glaeser, and B.

Yamaha f20

La Ferrara. The Size of Nations. Annett, A. Atlas Narodov Mira. Barro, R. Barrett, D. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York: Oxford University Press.

Brock, S. Canning, D. Fay Caselli, F. Central Intelligence Agency. CIA World Factbook. Costa, D.Inequality, Polarization and Conflict pp Cite as. Inequality in income distribution in a country has often been regarded as one of the determinants of social conflict. The index of fractionalization has been widely used in different studies to link ethno-linguistic diversity to conflict, growth, or public good provision.

The subject of Chap. There is a rigorous discourse on the relationship between fractionalization, inequality, and polarization. The role of inequality, polarization, and fractionalization in conflict is examined in a broad structure.

Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide. Fractionalization, Polarization, and Conflict. Chapter First Online: 17 January This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. In: Garifinvel, Skaperdas.

Google Scholar. J Econ Lit 43 Google Scholar. J Econ Growth 8 Google Scholar. J Confl Resolut 56 Google Scholar. Econometrica 57 Google Scholar.

6 panel meme

Working paper World Bank. Washington, DC Google Scholar. Am Econ Rev 83 Google Scholar. Springer, New York Google Scholar.Discussion Papers.

a generalized index of fractionalization

Francesco Caselli, Bisin, A. Pattanaik, Prasanta K. Prasanta K. Esteban, J. Martin L. Weitzman, Weitzman, M. Marta Reynal-Querol, Paola Giuliano, Giuliano, Paola, Vigdor, Jacob L. Paolo Mauro, Fearon, James D, Bossert, W. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mtl:montde See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sharon BREWER. If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item.

It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item.

Realme 3 pro pattern lock remove

If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation. Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services. Economic literature: papersarticlessoftwarechaptersbooks. FRED data. A Generalized Index of Fractionalization.

We characterize a measure of diversity among individuals that takes as a primitive the individuals, as opposed to ethnic groups, and uses information on the extent of similarity among them. Compared to existing indices, our measure does not require that individuals are pre-assigned to exogenously determined categories or groups. We show that our generalized index is a natural extension of ELF and is also simple to compute. We also provide an empirical illustration of how our index can be operationalized and what difference it makes as compared to the standard ELF index.

This application pertains to the pattern of fractionalization in the United States. Handle: RePEc:mtl:montde as.In physicsfractionalization is the phenomenon whereby the quasiparticles of a system cannot be constructed as combinations of its elementary constituents. One of the earliest and most prominent examples is the fractional quantum Hall effectwhere the constituent particles are electrons but the quasiparticles carry fractions of the electron charge.

In the case of spin—charge separationfor example, the electron can be viewed as a bound state of a ' spinon ' and a ' chargon ', which under certain conditions can become free to move separately. Quantized Hall conductance was discovered inrelated to the electron charge. Laughlin proposed a fluid of fractional charges into explain the fractional quantum Hall effect seen infor which he shared the Physics Nobel Prize.

Inexperiments directly observed an electric current of one-third charge. The one-fifth charge was seen in and various odd fractions have since been detected. Disordered magnetic materials were later shown to form interesting spin phases. Spin fractionalization was seen in spin ices in and spin liquids in Fractional charges continue to be an active topic in condensed matter physics.

Studies of these quantum phases impact understanding of superconductivity, and insulators with surface transport for topological quantum computers. Many-body effects in complicated condensed materials lead to emergent properties that can be described as quasiparticles existing in the substance.

Kingman’s Equation: Influence of Variation

Electron behavior in solids can be considered as quasi-particle magnons, excitons, holes, and charges with different effective mass. Spinons, chargons, and anyons cannot be considered elementary particle combinations.

a generalized index of fractionalization

Different quantum statistics have been seen; Anyons wavefunctions gain a continuous phase in exchange: [3]. It has been realized many insulators have a conducting surface of 2D quantum electron gas states. Solitons in 1D, such as polyacetylenelead to half charges. The most celebrated may be quantum Hall systems, occurring at high magnetic fields in 2D electron gas materials such as GaAs heterostructures. Electrons combined with magnetic flux vortices carry current.

Graphene exhibits charge fractionalization. Attempts have been made to extend fractional behavior to 3D systems. Surface states in topological insulators of various compounds e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand.

Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-expertswithout removing the technical details. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Physics World. Retrieved Bibcode : Sci Bibcode : PhyOJ Bertlmann; A. Zeilinger Nature Physics. Bibcode : NatPh Nature Materials. Bibcode : NatMa.Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly.

a generalized index of fractionalization

Bossert and C. D'Ambrosio and E. BossertC. D'AmbrosioE. Ferrara Published The goal of this paper is to characterize a measure of diversity among individuals, which we call generalized fractionalization index, that uses information on similarities among individuals. We show that the generalized index is a natural extension of the widely used ethno-linguistic fractionalization index and is also simple to compute.

The paper offers some empirical illustrations on how the new index can be operationalized and what difference it makes as compared to standard indices. Save to Library.

Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Figures and Tables from this paper. Figures and Tables. References Publications referenced by this paper. View 2 excerpts, references background.

Research Feed. What Is a Language Community. On the Theory of Ethnic Conflict. View 2 excerpts, references methods.Francesco Caselli, Discussion Papers. Bisin, A. Pattanaik, Prasanta K. Prasanta K. Esteban, J.

Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country*

Paola Giuliano, Giuliano, Paola, Vigdor, Jacob L. Bossert, W. Martin L. Weitzman, Weitzman, M. Marta Reynal-Querol, Paolo Mauro, Fearon, James D, You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:igi:igierp See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact:.

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form. If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item.

If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation. Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

Economic literature: papersarticlessoftwarechaptersbooks. FRED data. A Generalized Index of Fractionalization. The goal of this paper is to characterize a measure of diversity among individuals, which we call generalized fractionalization index, that uses information on similarities among individuals. We show that the generalized index is a natural extension of the widely used ethno-linguistic fractionalization index and is alsosimple tocompute.

The paper offers some empirical illustrations on how the new index can be operationalized and what difference it makes as compared to standard indices. These applications pertain to the pattern of diversity in the United States across states. Handle: RePEc:igi:igierp as. Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors.

Louis Fed.


Gronris

thoughts on “A generalized index of fractionalization

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top